Fred Gisa Rwigema

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Fred Gisa Rwigema yavutse tariki 10 Mata, 1957, avukira I Ruyumba ahahoze ari Komini ya Musambira, ubu ni mu Murenge wa Nyamiyaga ho mu Karere ka Kamonyi mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo akaba avuka kuri Anastase Kimonyo na Gatarina Mukandirima, amazina yiswe n’ababyeyi be akaba yari Emmanuel Gisa.

Ku myaka 3 y’amavuko (mu 1960), nyuma y’intambara yo mu 1959 yakuye abanyarwanda benshi mu byabo, yahungiye n’umuryango we mu gihugu cya Uganda mu nkambi ya Nshungerezi. Nyuma yo gusoza amashuri yisumbuye mu 1976, yagiye mu gisirikare aho yinjiye mu mutwe w’ingabo zari iza Yoweli Museveni witwaga FRONASA (Front for National Salvation). Icyo gihe nibwo uwitwaga Gisa Emmanuel yahinduye amazina yitwa Gisa Fred Rwigema.

Muri uwo mwaka kandi, yagiye mu gihugu cya Mozambique yinjira mu mutwe w’ingabo wa FRELIMO warwaniraga ubwigenge bwa Mozambique ku gihugu cya Portugal. Mu mwaka w’1979, yinjiye mu mutwe w’ingabo wa UNLA (Uganda National Liberation Army), aho uyu mutwe ufatanyije n’ingabo za Tanzaniya bafashe umujyi wa Kampala maze batsinda Idi Amin wategekeshaga igitugu Uganda. Nyuma y’uko Idi Amin ahiritswe ku butegetsi agahunga, Uganda yafashwe na Milton Obote, maze Gisa Rwigema yifatanya n’umutwe w’ingabo wa Museveni witwa NRA (National Resistance Army) bafata ubutegetsi mu 1986. Nyuma y’uko NRA ya Museveni ifashe ubutegetsi, Rwigema yabaye uwungirije Minisitiri w’ingabo, ndetse afasha cyane guhashya inyeshyamba z’ubutegetsi bwavuyeho muri Uganda zashakaga kwigarurira igihugu.

Tariki ya mbere Ukwakira 1990, Fred Rwigema niwe wari uyoboye ingabo za FPR zari ziturutse Uganda ziteye u Rwanda. Ku munsi ukurikiyeho, Fred Rwigema yarasiwe ku rugamba ahitwa Nyabwishongezi  ubu ni mu karere ka Nyagatare, mu ntara y’Uburasirazuba ahita yitaba Imana, ibyo bikaba byaraciye intege ingabo za FPR.

Nyuma y’urupfu rwa Rwigema wafatwaga nk’inkingi ya mwamba kuri uru rugamba, Paul Kagame niwe wahise amusimbura ku mwanya wo kuyobora ingabo kugeza zifashe igihugu muri Nyakanga 1994.

Fred Gisa Rwigema yashyinguwe mu irimbi ry’intwali riherereye I Remera mu mujyi wa Kigali, akaba yaragizwe umwe mu ntwali z’u Rwanda zihora zibukwa tariki ya mbere Gashyantare buri mwaka, akaba ari mu cyiciro cy’intwali z’Imanzi.

Fred Gisa Rwigema yashakanye na Jeannette Urujeni ku wa 20 Kamena 1987 bakaba barabyaranye abana 2, ari bo Gisa Junior na Gisa Teta.

Source: Wikipedia

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